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What is Propolis

If you look closely at a house of bees, the hive, you will see right on the "front door" of the resin brown: that is PROPOLIS. In providing a definition: Propolis is a mixture of resins and rubbers, collected by bees from the buds and on the trunks of some plants, but also on some bark, wounds and plants which are already or soon to be incerottate from the plants themselves and then worked by some bees with special enzymes and wax glands.

A unique synergy in nature between flora and fauna. Complex in its origin lies the richness of its content. In nature there is only one variety of propolis because its composition varies with several factors, first of all the flora, then the habitat and season. The bees use to collect many varieties of plants and it would be impossible to catalog them all, just to mention the most common European birch, poplar, pine, spruce, alder, elm, ash, chestnut, oak, willow, horse chestnut, plum, etc.. .

In a perfect world organized hive, the collection and management of propolis is entrusted to the older foraging bees "most experts" who identify and then pick up the resin during the hottest hours (from 10 to 16 in the summer) the day when it is most soft and easy to work with their mandibles, rising after head-on, to give more strength in this position, is placed back on the body, until the vegetable resin stretching becomes stranded and is detached from the mass main. To complete the "production" of propolis and to make it easy to use for use in the hive, the bee enriches it with enzymes and mixed with wax.

Within the hive propolis plays two important functions: it is a material "multi-purpose" and a powerful antibacterial. You can define multipurpose material as the bees use it as a building material to weld the frames in the hive, seal, insulate, block or reduce the nest holes, due to its nature and consistency. The antibacterial function is also very interesting for the man and, most likely, just watching the bees have begun to study this fantastic resin. In the heart of the hive are placed the cells where the queen bee deposit the precious eggs, just these areas, and especially the cells are sterilized and coated with propolis to prevent the growth of bacteria. In an article published in Scientific American, Dr.. Morse, talks about the perfect maintenance of the state eubiotico hive despite the 35 ° C and high density (2 bees every 3 square inches) due to propolis.

Use antibacterial even more interesting there is illustrated by a situation quite recurrent in nature: the intrusion of a predator within the hive. It may happen that a rat or a sphinx moth or even a small reptile from getting inside the hive to plunder, bees after point mortally to defend the colony, are to have a big problem: how to carry out the heavy corpse the predator before this development rotting bacteria dangerous? Simple: do not move at all, the propolizzano completely mummificandolo and avoiding the proliferation of bacteria.

The text of this page is taken from the website: www.propolis.it

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